Address Renumbering · City Directories · Street Name Changes

Chicago Street Address Renumbering

In my last post, I explained briefly how to find Chicago street names that changed. That is not the only aspect of Chicago address changes that you may encounter. On 22 June 1908 Chicago’s city council passed an ordinance to use a new street numbering system. It went into effect 1 September 1909. The city had grown very quickly over the several decades of its existence. The result was an inconsistent system that made finding places difficult. The 1908 ordinance covered all of the city except the Loop area. Address changes for that area went into effect 1 April 1911.[1]

Plan of Renumbering

When doing Chicago research, you must be aware of these changes. Fortunately, there is an easy way to convert a pre-1909 address to a modern one. For areas outside the Loop, the Plan of Re-numbering City of Chicago was published. It is available as a PDF file at the Chicago History Museum’s website, among other places. The 1911 changes are at the same website. The order is by street name and then divided by odd and even addresses. If you are dealing with a street whose name changed, find the new name here.

The numerical streets, such as Fortieth, may be found under the letter they begin with. Then all that begin with forty will be in numerical order. For example, Fortieth Street follows Forquer. Then Forty-first, Forty-second, etc. show in numerical order. Foster Avenue appears after Forty-ninth Place. Makes sense, right?

Street and Avenue Guides

If you have an older address, say from the 1850s, you may not find its exact address in the conversion table. Perhaps the house no longer stood in 1909. To determine a more exact location, use a Chicago city directory near the time of the address. Every few years city directories included a “Street and Avenue Guide.” Search for that phrase in digitized versions of the city directories or look for it in the table of contents.

I’ll use 206 W. Polk Street found in an 1859 directory as an example. The Plan of Re-numbering did not include that exact address.

Plan of Renum

The old numbers are on the right. The two columns represent even and odd addresses.[2] My target address is between 737 and 759 W. Polk. But I wanted historically accurate information. The 1860 directory had the “Street and Avenue Guide” that is closest chronologically. It is alphabetical by street name. This source tells me that 206 falls between Halsted and Desplaines. This agrees with the range I found in the Plan of Re-numbering. I also see that this address would be on the south side of the street because it was on the left, as you’re heading west. ChicagoAncestors website has several links to “Street and Avenue Guides” and city directories.

Street and Av [3]

If you want general information about city directories, read my earlier post. Let me know if you have questions. Happy Hunting!

[1] Plan of Re-numbering City of Chicago (Chicago: Chicago Directory Company, 1909), 2.

[2] Plan of Re-numbering City of Chicago (Chicago: Chicago Directory Company, 1909), 120.

[3] Chicago City Directory for the Year Ending May 1, 1860 (Chicago: Smith and DuMoulin, 1860), 27; digital image, “City Directories for Chicago, Illinois” Fold3 (http://www.fold3.com :  accessed June 2017).

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